Adolescent Health Lab

Measures

Thank you for your interest in the Adolescent Health Lab and our research measures. Our measures are for RESEARCH USE ONLY. To use one of our measures you must complete the form below, agree to the conditions of use, and submit it by email to youth_project@sfu.ca

Approval for Use of Adolescent Health Lab Measures Application

The Affect Regulation Checklist

The Affect Regulation Checklist (©ARC; Moretti, 2003) is a is a 12-item measure adapted from published scales of emotion regulation (Gross & John, 2003; Shields & Cicchetti, 1995) and augmented with supplementary items to tap three aspects of affect regulation in adolescents. In keeping with contemporary models, the ARC is based on a multidimensional view of emotion regulation that includes both maladaptive (e.g., lack of control, suppression) and adaptive (reflection) aspects of regulation. Furthermore, the ARC assesses regulatory characteristics independent of specific emotions. Items do not refer to specific emotions and avoid confounding regulatory processes with emotional states.

The ARC yields three factors: affect control, affect suppression, and adaptive reflection. Each subscale consists of four items which are scored on a 3-point scale ranging from “not like me” to “a lot like me” and ask about experiences of affect in general. Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported a 3 factor solution for the ARC, CFI =.96, RMSEA = .059.

Click below for: 

Parent Version – ARC-P 

Youth Version – ARC-Y

ARC Checklist Subscales and Scoring

Additional Readings: 

Craig, S. G., Hernandez, C. S., Moretti, M. M., & Pepler, D. J. (2020). The mediational effect of affect dysregulation on the association between attachment to parents and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms in adolescents. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-11.

Craig, S. G., & Moretti, M. M. (2019). Profiles of primary and secondary callous-unemotional features in youth: The role of emotion regulation. Development and Psychopathology, 31(4), 1489-1500.

Goulter, N., Moretti, M. M., Del Casal, J. M., & Dietterle, P. (2019). Attachment insecurity accounts for the relationship between maternal and paternal maltreatment and adolescent health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 96, 104090.

Moretti, M. M., & Craig, S. G. (2013). Maternal versus paternal physical and emotional abuse, affect regulation and risk for depression from adolescence to early adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(1), 4-13.

Moretti, M.M., Obsuth, I., Craig, S.G., & Bartolo, T. (2015). An attachment-based intervention for parents of adolescents at risk: Mechanisms of change. Attachment and Human Development, 18, 1-17.

Pasalich, D. S., Moretti, M. M., Hassall, A., Curcio, A. (2021). Pilot randomized controlled trial of an attachment- and trauma-focused intervention for kinship caregivers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 120, 1-13. 

Penney, S., & Moretti, M. M. (2010). The roles of affect dysregulation and deficient affect in youth violence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37(6), 709-731.Click here

Affect Regulation Checklist – Italian Translation

An Italian translation was completed by Drs. Nicola Carone and Lavinia Barone, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italia.

Traduzione italiana a cura di Nicola Carone e Lavinia Barone, Laboratorio di psicologia dell’Attaccamento e sostegno alla Genitorialità (LAG), Dipartimento di Scienze del Sistema Nervoso e del Comportamento, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italia.

Click below for:

ARC Italian Translation

Affect Regulation Checklist – Hindi Translation

A Hindi translation was completed by Dr. Rajesh Kumar, a PhD Scholar in the Department of Clinical Psychology at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India.

Affect Regulation Checklist – Spanish Translation

A Spanish translation was completed by Dr. Julia Gallegos Guajardo, a PhD Scholar in the Psychology Department at the Universidad de Monterrey.

Click below for:

ARC Spanish Translation

The Adolescent Attachment Anxiety & Avoidance Inventory

The Adolescent Attachment Anxiety & Avoidance Inventory (AAAAI previously APAI; Moretti & Obsuth, 2009) is a 36-item measure of adolescent-parent attachment adapted from Brennan, Clark, and Shaver’s (1996, 1998) Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR) scale to assess adolescents’ relationships with their parents or primary caregivers. Each statement is scored on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 “Strongly Disagree” to 7 “Strongly Agree”.

Consistent with the ECR and other self-report measures of attachment, two super-ordinate factors tapping attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been confirmed (Steiger, 2003, 2008). The measure possesses strong psychometric properties; the factor structure and convergent validity of the AAAAI have been supported in previous research (Moretti & Obsuth, 2009; Moretti et al., 2015; Steiger, 2003, 2008; Steiger & Moretti, 2005; Steiger, Moretti, & Obsuth, 2009).

Click below for:

AAAAI Parent Version

AAAAI Youth Version

AAAAI Scoring and Subscales

Please note this measure was previously called the APAI but is now the AAAAI 

Additional Readings: 

Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, J., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Effect of a parenting intervention on decreasing adolescents’ behavioral problems via reduction in attachment insecurity: A longitudinal, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Journal of Adolescence, 91, 82–96.

Craig, S. G., Hernandez, C. S., Moretti, M. M., & Pepler, D. J. (2020). The mediational effect of affect dysregulation on the association between attachment to parents and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms in adolescents. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-11.

Goulter, N., Moretti, M. M., Del Casal, J. M., & Dietterle, P. (2019). Attachment insecurity accounts for the relationship between maternal and paternal maltreatment and adolescent health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 96, 104090. 

Pasalich, D. S., Moretti, M. M., Hassall, A., Curcio, A. (2021). Pilot randomized controlled trial of an attachment- and trauma-focused intervention for kinship caregivers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 120, 1-13. 

Moretti, M.M., Obsuth, I., Craig, S.G., & Bartolo, T. (2015). An attachment-based intervention for parents of adolescents at risk: Mechanisms of change. Attachment and Human Development, 18, 1-17 Click here

Moretti, M., & Obsuth, I. (2009). Effectiveness of an attachment-focused manualized intervention for parents of teens at risk for aggressive behaviour: The Connect Program. Journal of Adolescence, 32(6), 1347-1357. Click here

Steiger, A., Moretti, M. M., & Obsuth, I. (2009, March). An examination of complex interactions between parenting and attachment in the prediction of adolescent externalizing behavior. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Denver, CO.

Steiger, A. (2008). Parenting and Attachment: An Examination of Mediation and Moderation in the Prediction of Adolescent Psychopathology.(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada Click here.

Steiger, A. R., & Moretti, M. M. (2005, June). Convergent and discriminant validity of the comprehensive adolescent-parent attachment inventory. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Montreal.

Steiger, A. (2003). Preliminary Validation of the Comprehensive adolescent-parent attachment inventory. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada Click here.

Articles Using this Measure:

Konishi, C., & Hymel, S. (2014). An attachment perspective on anger among adolescents. Merrill‐Palmer Quarterly, 60(1), 53-79.

Wong, T. K., Konishi, C., & Cho, S. B. (2019). Paternal and Maternal Attachment: A Multifaceted Perspective on Adolescents’ Friendship. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 1-10.

The Adolescent Attachment Anxiety & Avoidance Inventory – Spanish Translation

A Spanish translation was completed by Dr. Julia Gallegos Guajardo, a PhD Scholar in the Psychology Department at the Universidad de Monterrey.

Click below for:

AAAAI Spanish Translation

The Sadness and Anger Rumination Inventory

The Sadness and Anger Rumination Inventory (SARI; Peled & Moretti, 2007) taps rumination on anger and sadness, using analogous items for the two forms of rumination. The SARI consists of 11 items for each form of rumination, with the words angry and anger in the anger rumination measure replaced with sad and sadness in the sadness rumination measure. Participants indicate on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 (Never) to 5 (Always) how often they engage in activities described by each item, when they are angry (anger rumination measure) or sad (sadness rumination measure). The SARI has demonstrated good reliability and validity (Peled & Moretti, 2007; 2010).

The Sadness and Anger Rumination Inventory – Italian Translation

Italian translation was completed by Marco Innamorati, PsyD. and Claudio Imperatori, MPsy., at the Università Europea di Roma, Rome, Italy.

The Sadness and Anger Rumination Inventory –  Portuguese Translation

Portuguese translation was completed by Mariana Silvestre, M.A. Candidate, at the Faculdade de Psicologia da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.