Adolescent Health Lab

Connect: Model & Evidence

Research and program evaluation are integral parts of the Connect Attachment Programs. Ongoing program evaluation procedures are crucial to maintaining program integrity and ensuring continued assessment of program effectiveness. Program evaluation must be completed for every Connect group. Click here to view a recent presentation made by Dr Marlene Moretti and Dr Vicky Kelly on the Connect Program and related research. You can also view the testimonials of parents who have completed the Connect Program through KVC Kansas here.

Connect: Model & Evidence


Osman, F., Vixner, L., Flacking, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U.-K., & Salari, R. (2021). Impact of a culturally tailored parenting programme on the mental health of Somali parents and children living in Sweden: a longitudinal cohort study. BMJ Open, 11(8), e045067–e045067.

Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, J., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Effect of a parenting intervention on decreasing adolescents’ behavioral problems via reduction in attachment insecurity: A longitudinal, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Journal of Adolescence, 91, 82–96.

Pasalich, D. S., Moretti, M. M., Hassall, A., Curcio, A. (2021). Pilot randomized controlled trial of an attachment- and trauma-focused intervention for kinship caregivers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 120, 1-13.

Dangaltcheva, A., Booth, C., Moretti, M. M. (2021). Transforming Connections: A trauma-informed and attachment-based program to promote sensitive parenting of trans and gender nonconforming youth. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643823

Pasalich, D.S., Craig, S.G., Goulter, N., O’Donnell, K.A., Sierra Hernandez, C., & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Patterns and predictors of different youth responses to attachment-based parent intervention. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

Ranahan, P., Pascuzzo, K. & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Storying security with parents and teens: From vicious circles to strengthened relationships. Relational Child & Youth Care Practice, 34, 1, 123-130.


Moretti, M. M., O’Donnell, K.A., & Kelly, V. (2020). Connect: An Attachment Based and Trauma Informed Program for Foster Parents of Teens. Child Welfare, Special Issue: Twenty Years after the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (“Chafee”): What We Know Now About Meeting the Needs of Teens and Young Adults.


Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, L., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., & Moretti, M. (2019). “Changes in attachment avoidance reduce adolescents’ externalizing symptoms: The effectiveness of CONNECT intervention in Italy”. Paper presented in the symposium “Attachment Based Intervention for Caregivers of Adolescents – Connect”, at the International Attachment Conference 2019 (IAC), Vancouver (CAN), July 18th–20th, 2019.

Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, L., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., & Moretti, M. (2019). “A multicenter study on the effectiveness of CONNECT in reducing behavioral problems in adolescence: The role of attachment”. Paper presented in the symposium “Gli interventi con prove di efficacia in ambito familiare e scolastico”, at the XXXII National Congress of the Italian Association of Psychology – developmental and educational psychology section, Naples, September 23rd–25th, 2019.

Ozturk, Y., Moretti, M., & Barone, L. (2019). Addressing parental stress and adolescents’ behavioral problems through an attachment-based program: An intervention study. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 19, 89–100.

Ozturk, Y., Moretti, M., & Barone, L. (2019). Brain activation for effort in human learning: A critical and systematic review of fMRI studies. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy19(1). 


Ozturk, Y., Cirioni, E., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., Moretti, M., & Barone, L. (September 2018) Uno studio RCT di implementazione di un intervento per genitori di adolescenti: Connect Parent Group. Presentation delivered at the AIP National Congress, section of Psychology of Development and Education, Turin, Italy. Click here

Alfredsson, E. K., Thorvaldsson, V., Axberg, U., Broberg, A., G. (2018). Parenting programs during adolescence: Outcomes from universal and targeted interventions offered in real-world settings. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12446. Click here

Moretti, M. M., Pasalich, D. S., & O’Donnell, K. A. (2018). Connect: An attachment based program for parents and teens. In H. Steele & M. Steele. (Eds), Handbook of Attachment-Based Interventions (First Ed.). New York, NY, USA: Guilford Publications.


Osman, F., Salari, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schon, U., K., Flacking, R. (2017). Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents’ mental health and sense of competence in parenting: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7. doi:10.1136. Click here

Rooth, H., Forinder, U., Piuva, K. and Söderbäck, M. (2017). An assessment of two parenting training manuals used in Swedish parenting interventions. Children & Society. doi:10.1111/chso.12220. Click here

Osman F.Flacking R., Schön U.Klingberg-Allvin M. (2017). A support program for Somali-born parents on children’s behavioral problems. 


Högström, J., Olofsson, V., Özdemir, M. et al. (2016). Two-year findings from a national effectiveness trial: Effectiveness of behavioral and non-behavioral parenting programs. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. doi:10.1007/s10802-016-01780. Click here


Moretti, M.M., Obsuth, I., Craig, S.G., & Bartolo, T. (2015). An attachment-based intervention for parents of adolescents at risk: Mechanisms of change. Attachment and Human Development, 18, 1-17. doi10.1080/14616734.2015.1006383. Click here

Stattin, H., Enebrink, P., Özdemir, M., & Giannotta, F. (2015). A national evaluation of parenting programs in Sweden: The short-term effects using an RCT effectiveness design. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 83(6), 1069-1084. doi:10.1037/a0039328


Giannotta, F. f., Ortega, E., & Stattin, H. (2013). An attachment parenting intervention to prevent adolescents’ problem behaviors: A pilot study in Italy. Child & Youth Care Forum42(1), 71-85. doi:10.1007/s10566-012-9189-3. Click here 


Moretti, M. M., Obsuth, I., Mayseless, O., & Scharf, M. (2012). Shifting internal parent-child representations among caregivers of teens with serious behaviour problems: An attachment-based approach. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 5, 191-204. Click here


Moretti, M., & Obsuth, I. (2009). Effectiveness of an attachment-focused manualized intervention for parents of teens at risk for aggressive behaviour: The Connect Program. Journal of Adolescence, 32(6), 1347-1357. Click here


Moretti, M. M., Holland, R., Moore, K., & McKay, S. (2004). An attachment based parenting program for caregivers of severely conduct disordered adolescents: Preliminary findings. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work. Click here

Moretti, M. M., & Peled, M. (2004). Adolescent-parent attachment: Bonds that support healthy development. Pediatrics & Child Health, 9(8), 551-555. Click here